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September 29 , 2018

PCOS – Poly cystic ovarian syndrome:

A disruption in the female reproductive system due to hormonal imbalance leading to the formation of cysts is PCOS. However, not every case of PCOS shows cysts. In some cases, it is the thickening of tissues due to hormonal imbalance causing discomfort and weight related problems.

Causes for PCOS:

PCOS is majorly a hormonal disorder caused due to hormonal imbalance. There are certain things that can contribute to this condition as well.

  1. If there is a Thyroid medical history or family history of PCOS, then the chances of getting affected by PCOS are higher.
  2. Obesity and overweight are very common triggers for hormonal imbalance so, they too can lead to PCOS.
  3. Unhealthy lifestyle practices such as drinking, smoking, leading a sedentary lifestyle with next to no physical activity can become major reasons. Also, high stress and sleep issues can also add to the contribution.

Symptoms and complications of PCOS:

  1. The irregular menstrual cycle is the first effect of PCOS. In most women, the periods last for more than 10 days, sometimes up to 45 days as well. Whereas some women experience delayed menstrual cycle, like once in 3 or 4 months.
  2. Bleeding abnormalities during periods like lumps are observed. Heavy bleeding is very common and among a few only spotting happens causing for the impure blood to accumulate and retain in the circulation system.
  3. Acne and facial hair growth issues is majorly due to the increase in androgen hormone and imbalance in other female hormones.
  4. Infertility: Delay in conceiving is a common symptom. There are certain follicles developed around ovaries due to which eggs are not properly released causing for a difficulty in conceiving. Miscarriages and difficulty during pregnancy are also a high possibility.
  5. Another common possibility is weight gain or weight loss based on body metabolism.
  6. Increased production of androgens can cause long term complications like Type 2 diabetes, blood vessel problems and heart diseases.
  7. Some other complications include depression, eating disorders, apnea, anxiety, uterine bleeding, etc.

These are a few symptoms that you need to watch out for, especially among women who reached puberty. If you are experiencing one or more of these complications, then it’s time to visit a doctor for diagnosis and check up.

Treatment for PCOS:

There is no cure for PCOS but one can regulate and maintain their health through some lifestyle practices and regular medication.

  1. Yoga is a physical activity that can bring a balance in your hormonal levels. It has shown significant results for many women and is often recommended by physicians.
  2. Weight maintenance is very important for regulating PCOS. Obesity and overweight can only worsen the condition so it’s very important to maintain a healthy body weight.
  3. Proper diet – Depending on the condition, dietary restrictions are applied. If it’s in the early stages of PCOS and it is being maintained through right lifestyle practices then a balanced diet is required, without any restrictions except junk food. However, if the cysts are fully formed and the condition is severe then some dietary restrictions are applied which includes avoiding cruciferous vegetables like cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, etc.
  4. Avoiding alcohol and smoking is also very important during PCOS.
  5. Stress and Sleep: Maintaining a healthy sleep cycle and avoiding stress is another important aspect of lifestyle management for PCOS.

More than a million women in our country get affected by PCOS every year. Although an early discovery and treatment can prevent the condition from causing long term complications, many cases go undetected until later stages. Be safe than sorry and schedule an appointment with your doctor for a general checkup today.